This report explores the evolution of shared mobility and electric transportation networks in China, India, and the United States. It evaluates the role of policy, economics, infrastructure, and behavioral norms in influencing mobility trends in these countries. The report argues that supportive policies are needed to accelerate this transition and help overcome behavioral norms that bias toward gas vehicles and the advantages of already-built fueling infrastructure. It highlights India’s success focusing finite EV subsidies on high-utilization vehicles to allow for the greatest leverage of public funds to increase electric vehicle miles while creating broad public exposure to EVs. Fast charging access is a major barrier to EV adoption and efficient deployment requires a coordinated and collaborative approach that engages the public and private sectors across both the transportation and electricity sectors. 

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Date: July 1, 2019

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