A widespread, accessible public charging infrastructure network is needed to support a robust electric vehicle (EV) market – as evidenced by experiences in China, the United States, and around the world. In India, EV sales need to reach 30% for private cars, 70% for commercial cars (i.e. delivery vehicles, fleets, and taxis), 40% for buses and 80% for two and three-wheelers by 2030 to advance electric mobility, according to analysis by the Indian government. An aggressive scale-up of charging infrastructure across India is needed to achieve these EV sales goals.
To expand India’s charging infrastructure, this report provides best practices from two of the largest EV markets – China and the United States – for the Indian context. This report aims to provide Indian policymakers and stakeholders with a review of the key challenges facing EV charging infrastructure markets in China and the United States. It also provides examples of strategies that government agencies, utilities, charging service providers, and automakers are deploying to overcome challenges. Each section starts with an overview of the Indian EV market and charging infrastructure for context. An overview of EV charging infrastructure in China and the United States is provided, including sections on the current level of deployment, targets for filling the infrastructure gap, discussion of funding and investment sources, technologies and a summary of the key barriers and opportunities facing EV infrastructure expansion.
To help launch the report, NRDC and partners organized a virtual roundtable, “Charging Ahead on Electric Mobility,” featuring leading experts and policymakers from India to explore solutions for addressing electric charging needs, regulatory constraints, market barriers, and broader investment gaps. At the roundtable, NRDC and partners also released a new issue brief, “Economic and Policy Drivers for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in India – Preliminary Analysis”.