Widespread electrification already makes sense for several classes of heavy-duty vehicles based on their operating characteristics, the range of today’s battery technologies, and similar if not cheaper ownership costs. While internal combustion engines have been in use for more than a century, three types of policies can accelerate the electrification of trucks and buses: financial incentives, investments in charging infrastructure, and standards that increase the manufacture and purchase of heavy-duty electric vehicles. This report explores these policies and argues that policy approaches should center on improving air quality in communities most burdened by vehicle pollution.

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