This paper seeks to compare the total monetary benefitavailable to consumers through U.S. state incentives to electric vehicle sales in 2013. In this study, a
new methodology to monetize all major direct and indirect incentives is introduced, including monetizing specific consumer-oriented U.S. state-level incentives,
including purchase subsidies, license tax and fee reductions, annual fees for EVs, electric
vehicle supply equipment financing, free electricity at public chargers, free parking, and
emissions testing exemptions. The research also attempts to quantify the indirect
incentives associated with carpool vehicle lane access, emissions testing exemption time
savings, and range confidence from public charger availability.