The Build Back Better Act was passed out of House Committees. There will continue to be debate and amendments on the content of the bill until a vote in the House and the Senate. 

We tracked the electric vehicle (EV) components – pulling any elements that call out or may refer to EV provisions.

This page will be updated as the legislation changes and our understanding of various provisions are clarified. Please check back often.

Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (H.R. 3684)

We have also pulled together a summary of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act including all of the EV-related provisions. 

Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act Summary
ZEV Only ($ Billions)
Other “Clean” Funding ($ Billions)

A few notes on the data:

  • The data source is the full markup of the Build Back Better Act
  • ZEV Only funding refers to projects that dedicated to ZEV projects. “Clean” funding includes projects where EVs are eligible but the funding is not dedicated to EVs. Both categories include manufacturing that may impact EV production and deployment.
  • There is funding for oversight of EV programs, but we have not included that funding in this summary.
  • We excluded sections referencing hydrogen and biofuels if they not listed as part of sections with electric vehicles.
  • The Committee for the Budget notes that the total number in the bills may not add up to $3.5 trillion “because the instructions reflect offsets and overlapping jurisdictions.”
  • DOE refers to the Department of Energy. DOT refers to the Department of Transportation. EPA refers to the Environmental Protection Agency. 

Big thanks to Larissa Koehler from EDF, Max Baumhefner from NRDC, Katherine Stainken from EC, and Katrina McLaughlin from WRI. 

Last Updated: October 13 at 4:00PM EDT

Section Title Description Lead Agency Funding (millions)
22008 Industry or Sector Partnership Grants Funding available for partnerships to expand workforce development to encourage high skill / high wage or in demand sectors including clean energy, infrastructure and transportation, advanced manufacturing.  Department of Labor  $10,000
30101 Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicles Program to make grants and rebates available for replacing eligible vehicles with ZEVs, infrastructure to charge/fuel/maintain ZEVs, provide funding for workforce development and training, and technical activities to support the adoption and deployment of ZEVs. Environmental Protection Agency  $5,000
30102 Grants to Reduce Air Pollution at Ports Awards rebates and grants to purchase or install zero-emissions equipment and technology for use at or to directly serve one or more ports, conduct any relevant planning or permitting in connection with such zero-emissions port equipment and technology, and to develop qualified climate action plans. $875 million has to be reserved for awards to carry out activities with respect to ports located in nonattainment areas.  Specifically includes as eligible entity that “owns, operates, or uses the facilities, cargo-handling equipment, transportation equipment, or related technology of a port.” Environmental Protection Agency  $3,500
30103 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund Makes competitive grants available to provide financial assistance to deploy zero-emissions technologies or otherwise reduce GHG emissions. $15 billion is dedicated for projects in low-income or disadvantaged communities. Environmental Protection Agency  $27,500
30105 Diesel Emissions Reductions Provides money to the EPA that is not otherwise appropriated to reduce diesel emissions in goods movements. $100 million for grants, rebates, loans to identify and reduce diesel emission resulting from goods movements facilities, and vehicles servicing goods movement facilities, in low-income and disadvantaged communities to address the health impacts of such emissions; $50 million for grants, rebates, loans under subtitle G of title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (DERA); $20 million for Energy Policy Act grants, rebates, activities to reduce diesel emissions in low-income and disadvantaged communities. Environmental Protection Agency  $170
30451 Funding for Department of Energy Loan Programs Office Funding available for renewable or energy efficient systems and manufacturing, and distributed energy generation, transmission, and distribution. Section has specific provisions for advanced technology vehicle manufacturing, which includes MDHD vehicles, trains, maritime, aircrafts, and hyperloop technology. Department of Energy  $700
30204 Environmental and Climate Justice Block Grants Provides grants for periods of up to 3 years to low-income and disadvantaged communities to implement projects to address environmental or public health harms or risks relating to pollution to such low-income or disadvantaged communities.  This includes low- and zero-emission and resilient infrastructure, emission reductions from the transportation sector, deployment of low- and zero-emission energy technologies, community programs that support lowering emissions from buildings and homes.  Environmental Protection Agency  $5,000
30442 Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Rebate Program Funding to provide rebates to eligible entities for covered expenses associated with EVSE equipment located at workplaces, multi-unit housing structures, and publicly accessible locations. The bill aims to cover 75% of applicable covered expenses for newly installed infrastructure, with $1-4,000 for L2 charging and $100,000 for networked DCFC equipment, as well as rebates for replacements and upgrades of existing infrastructure. Department of Energy  $2,000
30443 Electric Vehicle Charging Equity Program The funds will establish the EV Charging Equity Program. The program will provide technical assistance to eligible entities, award competitive grants to eligible entities for projects that increase the deployment and accessibility of EVSE in underserved or DACs, and provide education and outreach about the program. Department of Energy  $1,000
30444 State Energy Plans The bill calls to add Section 367:  State Energy Transportation Plans to EPACT. Within the section, the Secretary can provide financial resources to states to develop its energy transportation plans that promote transportation electrification, reduce energy demand, and lower fossil fuel consumption. Department of Energy  $500
30445 Transportation Electrification Directs the EPA to provide grants for qualified electric transportation projects and for the installation of EVSE, multi-use charging hubs, MDHD vehicle smart charging management and refueling, battery recycling, shipside or shoreside electrification for ground support at ports, and electric airport ground support vehicles. Environmental Protection Agency   $10,000
30452 Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Provides direct loans for reequipping, expanding, or establishing a manufacturing facility in US to produce or for engineering integration for low-emission MDHD vehicles, trains/locomotives, maritime vessels, aircrafts, or hyperloop technology. Department of Energy  $3,000
30454 Energy Community Reinvestment Financing Provides financial support for Energy Communities, per section 1706 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The funds are available to support workers who stand to be impacted by shifts to less energy-intensive goods, to communities that have been impacted by these same shifts, to accelerate the remediation of environmental damaged caused by providing energy-intensive goods, and to mitigating customer impacts of shifting to lower carbon industries. Department of Energy $2,000
30481 Federal Energy Efficiency Fund Provides competitive grants to Federal buildings or fleets that involve conservation, cogeneration, renewable energy, low carbon materials, improvements in operations and maintenance efficiencies, retrofit activities, automotive supply equipment, building electrification, energy storage, energy consuming devices, and other facets that lower carbon intensity of these assets. Department of Energy  $17,500
30482 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Provides funding to entities implementing strategies to reduce fossil fuel emissions in a way that diversifies energy supplies, including by facilitating and promoting the use of alternative fuels. The funding is also available to deployments of technologies that deliver alternative fuels and efforts to finance zero-emission transportation. Department of Energy  $5,000
30453 Domestic Manufacturing Conversion Grants Provides grant funding to domestic production of ZEVs under section 712 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Department of Energy  $1,000
31401 Critical Manufacturing Supply Chain Resilience Subtitle N makes money available to support the resilience, diversity, security, and strength of critical manufacturing supply chains affecting interstate commerce and related administrative costs. Department of Commerce  $10,000
40006 Improving Energy Efficiency or Water Efficiency or Climate Resilience of Affordable Housing Funding for climate resiliency including EV charging equipment.  Department of Housing and Urban Development  $5,314
80001 General Services Administration Clean Vehicle Fleet Procurement of EVs and infrastructure for the federal fleet (excluding USPS but including non-tactical Defense vehicles).  General Services Administration  $5,000
80003 United States Postal Service; Clean Vehicle Fleet and Facility Maintenance Procurement of EVs and infrastructure for the USPS federal fleet (half for charging and half for procurement of vehicles).  United States Postal Service  $7,000
80008 District of Columbia Clean Vehicle Fleet Purchase of EVs and charging for the District of Columbia.  District of Columbia  $10
90003 Department of Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Activities, Demonstration Projects Funding available including for EV demonstration projects and the establishment of the Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute.  Department of Energy  $1,178
90010 National Institute of Standards and Technology Research Includes funding for advanced manufacturing.  Department of Commerce  $1,195
90011 National Institute of Standards and Technology Supporting American Manufacturing Includes $1 billion for advanced manufacturing.  Department of Commerce  $2,000
110002 Community Climate Incentive Grants Funding available for projects in states for carbon reduction projects in states including zero emission transportation options.   Department of Transportation  $4,000
110003 Neighborhood Access and Equity Grants Provides grants for facilities (including facilities in disadvantaged communities that impact air quality) to construct technologies, infrastructure, etc. that reduce transportation related air pollution.  Half has to be used in communities that meet certain criteria, including economically disadvantaged communities.  Department of Transportation  $3,950
110001 Affordable Housing Access Program Includes funding for affordable housing and mobility for disadvantaged communities. Eligible projects include construction of a bus rapid transit project using ZEVs, high frequency ZEV buses, purchase of ZEVs for bus routes and research on the barriers to ZEV buses in disadvantaged communities.  Department of Transportation  $9,900
110011 Alternative Fuel and Low-Emission Aviation Technology Program Funding for transport including more efficient aircraft engines, including innovative engine architectures, hybrid-electric engines, and all-electric engines suitable for fully or partially powering aircraft operations.   Department of Transportation  $1,000
110026 Port Infrastructure and Supply Chain Resilience Includes funding for supply chain resilience which may impact EVs as well as projects to reduce the impact of ports on the environment.  Department of Transportation  $2,500
135107 Exempt Facility Bonds for Zero-Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Bond exemptions for utility service connections, vehicle infrastructure, and zero-emissions vehicles. Department of the Treasury NA                                 
136102 Extension and Modification of Energy Credit Extends clean energy credits for solar, geothermal, storage, qualified biogas, microgrids, waste energy recovery, fuel cells, and other. The application is more direct to electricity production, and has specific conditions for domestic manufacturing provisions. Department of the Treasury NA                           
136104 Elective Payment for Energy Property and Electricity Produced from Certain Renewable Resources, Etc. Alternative energy used for refueling as defined under section 30C (including electricity) may make a claim for a tax credit.  Department of the Treasury  NA                               
136401 Refundable New Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit for Individuals Tax credit for qualified plug-in electric vehicles. Note that these credits are income limited and decrease for individuals and households making more than $400,000 or $800,000 respectively. Credits is on top of the existing $7,500 credit and includes the following:
• Domestically assembled, union made vehicles, as specified in the bill, are eligible for $4,500 credit
• Credit of $500 for vehicles with at least 50% domestic content and battery cells assembled in the US. 
The credit is only available on vehicles below the following price caps:
• $55,000 for sedans
• $64,000 for vans
• $69,000 for SUVs
• $74,000 for pickup trucks
Department of the Treasury NA                              
136402 Credit for Previously-Owned Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicles Tax credit for qualified pre-owned electric vehicles. The credit Is $2,500 for a BEV and ranges from $1,250 to $2,500 for a PHEV as long as the PHEV has a battery larger than 4 kWh. Credit is reduced for individuals and households making more than $75,000 and $150,000 respectively. Department of the Treasury  NA                           
136403 Credit for Qualified Commercial Electric Vehicles The qualified commercial electric vehicle credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to 30 percent of the basis of each vehicle. Vehicles must have a battery that is 30 kWh or greater.  Department of the Treasury  NA                       
136404 Qualified Fuel Cell Motor Vehicles Extends tax credit for qualified fuel cell motor vehicles through 2031. Department of the Treasury  NA                                  
136405 Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit Extends tax credit through 2031 and provides additional tax credits for certain electric charging assets and raises the credit. These credits apply for bidirectional charging equipment, for charging stations for certain 2-3 wheel vehicles, and others. Department of the Treasury NA                              
136406 Reinstatement and Expansion of Employer-Provided Fringe Benefits for Bicycle Commuting Repeals suspension excluding bikes from commuter benefits. Department of the Treasury  NA                                      
136407 Credit for Certain New Electric Bicycles Establishes tax credit for electric bicycles for 15 percent of the cost of the bicycle up to $5,000. Credit is phased out for individuals making more than $75,000 and households making more than $150,000. Department of the Treasury NA                                     
136501 Extension of the Advanced Energy Project Credit The Secretary of Energy shall establish a program to award tax credits for qualified advanced energy projects in “Automotive Communities,” referring to census tracts and directly adjoining tracts that have experienced major job losses in the automotive manufacturing sector since January 1, 1994.  Department of the Treasury  $4,000

Related Content on EV Hub