This white paper aims to inform these debates by highlighting various tradeoffs, administrative considerations, and revenue implications inherent to the different policies.
This brief provides an overview of the historical and current state of government, private sector, and electric utility investment in publicly available charging infrastructure in the United States. With increasing funding available from both the electric utility and government sectors, charging service providers and related stakeholders have a significant, near-term opportunity to grow the public EV charging network in the United States and reduce the dependency on government subsidization over time.
This brief lays out the challenges and opportunities of vehicle-grid integration (VGI). Electric vehicles (EVs) can help increase the utilization of existing electrical grid assets and put downward pressure on electricity rates by decreasing the average cost of delivering electricity. Many aspects of VGI, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and demand response programs have similar characteristics to other grid management programs.