The Build Back Better Act was passed in the House on 19 November 2021. It will now go to the Senate for debate and a vote.
We tracked the electric vehicle (EV) components – pulling any elements that call out or may refer to EV provisions.
This page will be updated as the legislation changes. Please check back often.
Last Updated: November 22 at 1:30PM EDT
ZEV Dedicated ($ Billions)
Other ZEV Eligible ($ Billions)
Tax Credits ($ Billions)
A few notes on the data:
- The data source is the latest version of the Build Back Better Act, released on November 3, 2021. An earlier version was released on September 23 and was valued at $3.5 trillion.
- Cost estimates for the tax credits have been pulled from the estimates prepared by the Joint Committee on Taxation. These estimates were published on November 4, 2021. These costs have been included as a guide and are denoted with ** in the About column in the table below.
- ZEV Dedicated funding refers to funding dedicated to zero emissions vehicles. Other ZEV Eligible funding refers to initiatives where EVs are eligible but the funding is not dedicated to EVs. Both categories include manufacturing that may impact EV production.
- There is funding for oversight of EV programs, but we have not included that funding in this summary.
- We excluded sections referencing hydrogen and other alternative fuels unless listed alongside electric vehicles.
- DOE refers to the Department of Energy. DOT refers to the Department of Transportation. EPA refers to the Environmental Protection Agency.
Big thanks to Larissa Koehler from EDF, Max Baumhefner from NRDC, Katherine Stainken from EC, and Katrina McLaughlin from WRI.
|22007||Industry or Sector Partnership Grants||Funding available to expand employment and training activities for high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry sectors. This may include EV production.||Department of Labor||$5,000,000,000|
|30101||Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicles||Program to make grants and rebates available for replacing eligible vehicles with ZEVs, funding infrastructure to charge/fuel/maintain ZEVs, providing funding for workforce development and training, and providing technical activities to support the adoption and deployment of ZEVs. Of the funding, $2 billion is dedicated to support underserved communities.||Environmental Protection Agency||$5,000,000,000|
|30102||Grants to Reduce Air Pollution at Ports||Awards rebates and grants to purchase or install zero-emission port equipment and technology for use at or to directly serve one or more ports, conduct any relevant planning or permitting in connection with the purchase of such zero-emissions port equipment and technology, and to develop qualified climate action plans. $875 million has to be reserved for awards to carry out activities with respect to ports located in nonattainment areas. Specifically includes as eligible an entity that “owns, operates, or uses the facilities, cargo-handling equipment, transportation equipment, or related technology of a port.”||Environmental Protection Agency||$3,500,000,000|
|30103||Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund||Makes competitive grants available to provide financial assistance to deploy zero-emissions technologies or otherwise reduce GHG emissions. Including $2 billion in funding for EVSE.||Environmental Protection Agency||$2,000,000,000|
|30103||Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund||Makes competitive grants available to provide financial assistance to deploy zero-emissions technologies or otherwise reduce GHG emissions. $8 billion is dedicated for projects in low-income or disadvantaged communities. Excluding the $2 billion for EVs.||Environmental Protection Agency||$27,000,000,000|
|30105||Diesel Emissions Reductions||Provides money to the EPA that is not otherwise appropriated to reduce diesel emissions in goods movements. Funding to “identify and reduce diesel emissions resulting from goods movement facilities, and vehicles servicing goods movement facilities, in low-income and disadvantaged communities to address the health impacts of such emissions on such communities.”||Environmental Protection Agency||$60,000,000|
|30107||Funding to Address Air Pollution at Schools||Offers grants, rebates, contracts and other activities to monitor and reduce air pollution and GHG emissions at schools in low-income and DACs. At least 25% of funds are for technical assistance to address environmental issues, develop school environmental quality plans, and to identify and mitigate ongoing air pollution hazards.||Environmental Protection Agency||$50,000,000|
|30202||Environmental and Climate Justice Block Grants||Provides grants for periods of up to 3 years to low-income and disadvantaged communities to implement projects to address environmental or public health harms or risks relating to pollution to such low-income or disadvantaged communities. This includes low- and zero-emission and resilient infrastructure, deployment of low- and zero-emission energy technologies, community programs that support lowering emissions from buildings and homes.||Environmental Protection Agency||$3,000,000,000|
|30412||High Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Program||Includes funding for home electrification initiatives including, ‘‘(II) electric vehicle charging infrastructure or electric vehicle support equipment necessary to recharge an electric vehicle on-site”.||Department of Energy||$6,250,000,000|
|30431||Zero Emissions Vehicle Infrastructure Grants||Two EV elements including: States to develop and implement State programs (600 million), support for states to develop projects to build out publicly accessible networked direct current fast electric vehicle supply equipment in rural communities or underserved or disadvantaged communities (200 million). 200 million for hydrogen fueling also.||Department of Energy||$1,000,000,000|
|30441||Funding for Department of Energy Loan Programs Office||Principal amount of $40 billion in loans for eligible projects.||Department of Energy||$3,600,000,000|
|30442||Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing||Provides direct loans for reequipping, expanding, or establishing a manufacturing facility in US to produce or for engineering integration for low-emission MDHD vehicles, trains/locomotives, maritime vessels, aircrafts, or hyperloop technology. Revised language no longer calls out ZEV MDHD vehicles.||Department of Energy||$3,000,000,000|
|30443||Domestic Manufacturing Conversion Grants||Provides grant funding to domestic production of ZEVs under section 712 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.||Department of Energy||$3,500,000,000|
|30444||Energy Community Reinvestment Financing||Provides financial support for Energy Communities, per section 1706 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The funds are available to support workers who stand to be impacted by shifts to less energy-intensive goods, to communities that have been impacted by these same shifts, to accelerate the remediation of environmental damages caused by providing energy-intensive goods, and to mitigating customer impacts of shifting to lower carbon industries.||Department of Energy||$5,000,000,000|
|31401||Manufacturing Supply Chain Resilience||Subtitle N makes money available to support the resilience, diversity, security, and strength of critical manufacturing supply chains affecting interstate commerce and related administrative costs.||Department of Commerce||$5,000,000,000|
|40006||Improving Energy Efficiency or Water Efficiency or Climate Resilience of Affordable Housing||Funding for climate resiliency including EV charging equipment.||Department of Housing and Urban Development||$6,000,000,000|
|80001||General Services Administration Clean Fleets||Procurement of EVs and infrastructure for federal fleets – ZEVs and electric vehicles.||General Services Administration||$2,995,000,000|
|80003||United States Postal Service Clean Fleets||Procurement of EVs and infrastructure for the USPS federal fleet (more than half for charging and less than half for electric delivery vehicles.||United States Postal Service||$5,985,000,000|
|80007||General Services Administration Emerging Technologies||Funding for emerging and sustainable technologies and related sustainability and environmental programs.||General Services Administration||$975,000,000|
|80008||General Services Administration Procurement and Technology||Fund for the purchase of goods, services, and systems to improve energy efficiency, promote the purchase of lower-carbon materials, and reduce the carbon footprint.||General Services Administration||$3,250,000,000|
|90001||Department of Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Activities||Funding available including for EV demonstration projects and the establishment of the Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute. No longer mentions the Institute but does call out demonstration projects for advanced vehicle technologies.||Department of Energy||$1,000,000,000|
|90010||National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing||Involves advanced manufacturing research.||Department of Energy||$240,000,000|
|90011||National Institute of Standards and Technology Research Infrastructure||Supporting manufacturing research but no longer includes things like advanced manufacturing and greenhouse gas and other climate-related measurement – now just “laboratory activities” and “related administrative expenses”).||Department of Commerce||$650,000,000|
|110001||Affordable Housing Access Program||Includes funding for affordable housing and mobility for disadvantaged communities. Eligible projects include construction of a bus rapid transit project using ZEVs, high frequency ZEV buses, purchase of ZEVs for bus routes and research on the barriers to ZEV buses in disadvantaged communities.||Department of Transportation||$10,000,000,000|
|110002||Community Climate Incentive Grant Program||Funding available for projects in states for carbon reduction projects including zero emission transportation options. Calls out $950 million for grants for states to achieve net zero surface transportation emissions.||Department of Transportation||$4,000,000,000|
|110003||Neighborhood Access and Equity Grant Program||Provides grants for facilities (including facilities in disadvantaged communities that impact air quality) to construct technologies, infrastructure, etc. that reduce transportation related air pollution. Half has to be used in communities that meet certain criteria, including economically disadvantaged communities.||Department of Transportation||$4,000,000,000|
|110013||Port Infrastructure and Supply Chain Resilience||Includes funding for supply chain resilience which may impact EVs.||Department of Transportation||$600,000,000|
|136102||Extension and Modification of Energy Credit||Extends clean energy credits for solar, geothermal, storage, qualified biogas, microgrids, waste energy recovery, fuel cells, and other. The application is more direct to electricity production, and has specific conditions for domestic manufacturing provisions.||Department of the Treasury||$63,907,000,000|
|136104||Elective Payment for Energy Property and Electricity Produced from Certain Renewable Resources, Etc.||Alternative energy used for refueling as defined under section 30C (including electricity) may make a claim for a tax credit. Cost scoring included in the Energy Credit section 136102 by the Joint Committee on Taxation.||Department of the Treasury||$0|
|136401||Refundable New Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit for Individuals||Tax credit** for qualified plug-in electric vehicles. Note that these credits are income limited and decrease for individuals and households making more than $400,000 or $800,000 respectively. Credits is on top of the existing $7,500 credit and can be up to $12,500. Credit amount is calculated based on the following:
– $4,000 base credit amount, plus the sum of any of the following that apply:
– $3,500, if vehicle was placed in service before January 1, 2027 and battery capacity is at least 40 kWh and a gasoline tank is not greater than 2.5 gallons
– $3,500 if vehicle placed in service after December 31, 2026 and battery capacity is at least 50 kWh and gasoline tank is not greater than 2.5 gallons
– $4,500, if vehicle satisfied domestic assembly qualifications
– $500, if vehicle satisfied domestic content qualifications
The credit is only available on vehicles below the following price caps:
• $55,000 for sedans
• $64,000 for vans
• $69,000 for SUVs
• $74,000 for pickup trucks
|Department of the Treasury||$9,192,000,000|
|136402||Credit for Previously-Owned Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicles||Tax credit** for qualified pre-owned electric vehicles. The max credit amount is $4,000. The credit amounted is calculated based on the following:
– $2,000, plus:
– $2,000, if a vehicle placed in service before January 1, 2027 has a battery capacity of at least 40 kWh and a gasoline tank of no more than 2.5 gallons
– $2,000, if a vehicle placed in service after December 31, 2026 has a battery capacity of at least 50 kWh and a gasoline tank of no more than 2.5 gallons
The credit is reduced for individuals and households making more than $75,000 and $150,000 respectively.
|Department of the Treasury||$1,696,000,000|
|136403||Qualified Commercial Electric Vehicles||The qualified commercial electric vehicle credit** for any taxable year is an amount equal to 30 percent of the basis of each vehicle. Vehicles must have a battery that is 30 kWh or greater.||Department of the Treasury||$4,762,000,000|
|136404||Qualified Fuel Cell Motor Vehicles||Extends tax credit** for qualified fuel cell motor vehicles through 2031.||Department of the Treasury||$44,000,000|
|136405||Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit||Extends tax credit** through 2031 and provides additional tax credits for certain electric charging assets and raises the credit. These credits apply for bidirectional charging equipment, for charging stations for certain 2-3 wheel vehicles, and others.||Department of the Treasury||$6,283,000,000|
|136406||Reinstatement and Expansion of Employer-Provided Fringe Benefits for Bicycle Commuting||Repeals suspension excluding electric bikes from commuter benefits.||Department of the Treasury||$183,000,000|
|136407||Credit for Certain New Electric Bicycles||Establishes a tax credit** for electric bicycles for up to 30 percent of the cost of the bicycle up to $5,000. Credit is phased out for individuals making more than $75,000 and households making more than $150,000.||Department of the Treasury||$4,139,000,000|
|136501||Extension of the Advanced Energy Project Credit||The Secretary of Energy shall establish a program to award tax credits** for qualified advanced energy projects in “Automotive Communities,” referring to census tracts and directly adjoining tracts that have experienced major job losses in the automotive manufacturing sector since January 1, 1994.||Department of the Treasury and Department of Energy||$7,649,000,000|
|136503||Advanced Manufacturing Investment Credit||The advanced manufacturing investment credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to the applicable percentage of the qualified investment for such taxable year with respect to any advanced manufacturing facility. Base amount of 5 percent and up to 25 percent. An advanced Manufacturing Facility is defined as a facility whose primary purpose is manufacturing semiconductors and semiconductor tooling equipment.||Department of the Treasury||$10,197,000,000|